The governance bodies of ANSO are
- The General Assembly
The General Assembly is the highest decision-making body of ANSO, and it shall be empowered, subject to the provisions of these Statutes, to make decisions on all critical, major matters relating to ANSO; The General Assembly elects the Governing Board.
- The Governing Board
The Governing Board is the executive body of the ANSO General Assembly, and consists of the ANSO President, two Vice Presidents and six others elected by ANSO members.
- The Secretariat
The Secretariat manages the operations of ANSO and implements the decisions made by the Governing Board and General Assembly under the leadership of an Executive Director. . The ANSO Secretariat has three divisions, covering Information and Communication, Science Planning and Consultation, and Capacity Building and Training.
In addition to the three divisions of the Secretariat, the ANSO Working Group is established to promote and maintain routine communication and interaction among ANSO members.